Requirements to be a lawyer attorney at law in Turkey
Lawyer profession in Turkey. There are legal requirements to be a lawyer in Turkey. These conditions are listed in Article 3 of the Attorneyship Law:
- Being a citizen of the Republic of Turkey,
- Graduation from one of the Turkish law faculties or foreign country law those who have graduated from the Faculty of Law and are missing according to the programs of Turkish law faculties. to pass the exams successfully,
- Having completed the internship and obtained the internship completion certificate.
- To have a residence in the bar association area on the plate,
- According to this Law (Attorneyship Law) , there should be no obstacle to being a lawyer.
What is the lawyer’s mission?
Lawyer, who ensures the regulation of legal relations, the resolution of all kinds of legal issues and disputes in accordance with justice and equity, and the full implementation of the rules of law at all levels, before judicial organs, arbitrators, official and private persons, boards and institutions; A person who works in the public service and is a self-employed person.
Lawyers serve justice in legal matters. In all his professional activities, the lawyer is independent against the state, the judiciary, his client, and the society.
How can you find out if someone is a lawyer in Turkey?
Every lawyer starting the legal profession has to be registered in the bar association. Lawyer profession in Turkey.
A person you know as a lawyer or who introduces himself/herself as a lawyer; You can confirm whether you are really a “Lawyer Attorney at Law” on the Bar Association of Turkey Bar Association Lawyer and Attorney at Law Search page.
What is a lawyer called in Turkey?
In Turkey and in Turkish language, a lawyer is called a “Avukat“. The word “Avukat” has similarities with the Spanish words “Abogado” and the French words “Avocat”, and the Italian words “Avvocato”. In fact, the word “Avukat” was also translated into Turkish from the French word “Avocat” and became Turkish.
Lawyers have a ban on advertising in Turkey.
In Turkey, the attorneyship profession is considered a public service. Therefore, it cannot be carried out as a commercial activity. There is also a law regulation that prohibits lawyers from dealing with trade. For this reason, it is forbidden for lawyers to advertise and engage in such behavior.
Since the legal profession in Turkey is not considered a “commercial” activity, lawyers cannot come together and establish a business company for profit. Lawyers can carry out their professional activities jointly as a “law firm” without coming together for commercial purposes.
Can companies or others, other than a lawyer or a law firm, solve my legal problem?
In Turkey, no one other than lawyers and attorneys at law can give legal opinions or establish a company to solve legal problems. This is prohibited by law. However, it is seen that many companies try to provide services under the name of consultancy in legal matters due to the lack of auditing. We recommend that you know that such companies do not act in accordance with the law and that you stay away from such consulting companies.
Can a foreigner be a lawyer in Turkey?
One of the conditions to be a lawyer in Turkey is to be a citizen of the Republic of Turkey. A foreigner who is not a citizen of the Republic of Turkey cannot be a lawyer in Turkey.
Are there any distinctions between lawyers in Turkey?
There is no distinction between lawyers registered with the bar association in Turkey. A lawyer may follow hearings in criminal cases, civil cases or administrative cases if he so chooses. It can represent in all areas of law such as Family Law, Commercial Law, Criminal Law, Real Estate Law, Administrative Law.
In addition, there is no distinction between lawyers in terms of serving in the courts. A lawyer can represent his clients in the Supreme Court, the Council of State, the Constitutional Court or in all judicial authorities.
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